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QRF Tiebreaker Margin

 
 
The Tiebreaker Margin (TM) was included starting with the 2012-13 season for Sections that use the QRF for seeding.  The main reason we have included TM is to allow Head to Head and other "human" tiebreakers be included when seeding using a mathematical formula, something no other formula has ever done.
 
After the first season of using the QRF for seeding, Coaches in general were unhappy with certain specific scenarios where head to head was completely ignored.  The end result is a seeding hybrid compromise that combines math and normal "human" parameters to help make the seeding process as fair as possible.
 
Here is how it works.
 
The Section/Sub-section decides when the last date to include Statewide games will be.  The following morning, the QRF calculates and puts teams in an order from top to bottom.
 
Also at that time, the average QRF score for every team in each Class is determined.  In football, that average is multiplied by 10% to get the TM for football.  All other sports are multiplied by 7%.  The reason football is higher is because there are fewer games played by each team, creating the need to make the margin larger.
 
Starting at the top, the #1 QRF team is compared to the #2 QRF team in that Section.  If the two teams are within the TM, the QRF rankings are removed and the Tiebreakers are applied.  If they are not within the TM, then the QRF ranking holds and we move down the list.
 
If a team with a lower QRF wins the tiebreaker, it has the opportunity to continue moving up the seeds if it A) is within the TM of the next team above and B) wins the tiebreaker with that team.
 
The end result will ALWAYS be that the team directly above another team in the seeds is either A) QRF ahead by more than the TM or B) won the Tiebreaker.  The only way there is a 3-way tie is if all 3 teams have identical QRF numbers, a highly unlikely statistical event.
 

 

 
These are the Tiebreakers as agreed to by the MSHSL. 
  1. Head to Head percentage
  2. Conference Record percentage (if same Conference/Sub-District)
  3. Overall Record percentage
  4. Section Record percentage (min number of Section games needed by EACH team or #3 is skipped)
    • Football - 2
    • Lacrosse - 3
    • Soccer - 4
    • Baseball/Softball - 5
    • Basketball/Hockey/Volleyball - 6
  5. QRF
  6. Coin Flip

 

Examples – Tiebreaker Margin was 7.4

 8AAA Baseball    QRF 
 Alexandria  152.4
 Sauk Rapids-Rice  152.2
 Big Lake  146.4
 Monticello  136.3
 Bemidji  131.9 
 Brainerd  131.8
 St. Michael-Albertville  129.9
 St. Cloud Tech  126.3
 Rocori  125.3
 St. Cloud Apollo  122.5
 Moorhead  103.5
 Sartell-St. Stephen    82.2

This was an unusually close Section and by far the most complicated to apply the tiebreakers to.  We technically had a tie for 1st, tie for 2nd, 4-way tie for 4th and 4-way tie for 7th.  Hopefully this is a good example of how the TM rules sort even something this complicated out. 

***This scenario was completed prior to the addition of Conference Record as a tiebreaker***

 

  • Alexandria vs Sauk Rapids-Rice (QRF difference = 0.2)
    • Split Head to Head
    • Alexandria has better Overall Percentage (.700 to .600)
  • Sauk Rapids-Rice vs Big Lake (5.8)
    • Sauk Rapids-Rice won Head to Head
      • Alexandria is #1 Seed
      • Sauk Rapids-Rice is #2 Seed
      • Big Lake is #3 Seed
  • Monticello vs Bemidji (4.4)
    • Did not play Head to Head
    • Bemidji has better Overall Percentage (.611 to .600)
  • Monticello vs Brainerd (4.5)
    • Did not play Head to Head
    • Brainerd has better Overall Percentage (.684 to .600)
  • Bemidji vs Brainerd (0.1)
    • Split Head to Head
    • Brainerd has better Overall Percentage (.684 to .611)
  • Monticello vs St. Michael-Albertville (6.4)
    • Split Head to Head
    • Monticello has better Overall Percentage (.600 to .529)
      • Brainerd is #4 Seed
      • Bemidji is #5 Seed
      • Monticello is #6 Seed
  • St. Michael-Albertville vs St. Cloud Tech (3.6)
    • St. Cloud Tech won Head to Head
  • St. Michael-Albertville vs Rocori (4.6)
    • Did not play Head to Head
    • Rocori has better Overall Percentage (.579 to .529)
  • St. Cloud Tech vs Rocori (1.0)
    • Split Head to Head
    • Rocori has better Overall Percentage (.579 to .474)
  • St. Michael-Albertville vs St. Cloud Apollo (7.4)
    • Did not play Head to Head
    • St. Michael-Albertville has better Overall Percentage (.529 to .444)
      • Rocori is #7 Seed
      • St. Cloud Tech is #8 Seed
      • St. Michael-Albertville is #9 Seed
      • St. Cloud Apollo is #10 Seed
      • Moorhead is #11 Seed
      • Sartell-St. Stephen is #12 Seed

Comparison to team below

 1.  Alexandria  won Overall Percentage 
 2.  Sauk Rapids-Rice  won Head to Head 
 3.  Big Lake  ahead by 14.6
 4.  Brainerd  won Overall Percentage
 5.  Bemidji  won Overall Percentage
 6.  Monticello  ahead by 11.0
 7.  Rocori  won Overall Percentage
 8.  St. Cloud Tech  won Head to Head
 9.  St. Michael-Albertville  won Overall Percentage
 10.  St. Cloud Apollo  ahead by 19.0
 11.  Moorhead  ahead by 21.3
 12.  Sartell-St. Stephen  
 
Of note:  Rocori lost a doubleheader to Monticello on the last day of the regular season, moving them down from a 4-5 seed to 7.  Rocori subsequently won this Section, eventually losing in the AAA Championship game at Target Field.
 

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